Learning Disabilities

What is it?

  • Inability to learn, perform, or produce work equal to potential/intelligence

  • Below average IQ + below average performance = no LD

  • Above average IQ + below average performance = possible LD

  • Neurological disorders, lifetime issues

  • Global or specific in math, reading, writing

Math Disability

Math Disability

What does it look like?

  • Unreliable written computations

  • Inconsistent calculations

  • Persistent trouble memorizing basic number facts

  • Unreliable attention to operational signs

  • Inability to sequence steps in complex operations

  • Inability to grasp language aspects of math

Reading Disability/Dyslexia

Reading Disability

What does it look like?

  • Unaware of sounds in words, sound order, rhymes, or sequence of syllables

  • Difficulty decoding (single word identification) or encoding (spelling) words

  • Poor sequencing of numbers or letters, (b-d, sing-sign, soiled-solid, 12-21, 6-9)

  • Imprecise/incomplete interpretation of auditory language

  • Poor reading comprehension

  • Difficulty expressing thoughts orally or written

  • Confusion about directions in space/time (right/left, up/down, yesterday/tomorrow)

  • Struggles with handwriting

  • Problems sequencing steps, directionality, or language of mathematics

  • Confusion with right or left handedness

Writing Disability/Dysgraphia

Writing Disability

What does it look like?

  • Tight, awkward pencil grip and body position

  • Produces illegible handwriting

  • Avoids writing or drawing tasks

  • Tires quickly while writing

  • Speaks words out loud while writing

  • Uses unfinished words in sentences

  • Omits words in sentences

  • Unorganized thoughts on paper

  • Unorganized syntax, structure, grammar

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