What is it?

  • Neurocognitive/neurobiological disorder

  • No cure

  • Lifetime struggles

  • Three central issues: distractibility, hyperactivity, impulsivity

What does it look like?

  • Appears to not listen

  • Makes careless mistakes

  • Unorganized, loses things

  • Incomplete assignments

  • Unprepared

  • Forgetfulness

  • Careless errors and messy work

  • Excessive movement, fidgets & squirms

  • Misses information due to excessive talking

  • Has trouble working alone


  • Shifts attention to environmental sounds (clocks ticking)

  • Diverts attention to other classmates (shuffling, pens clicking)

  • Sidetracked by internal thoughts (things to do, pressures, anxieties)


  • Most visible sign: discomfort with quiet activities

  • Excessive activity, restlessness

  • Fidgets with hands or feet

  • Squirms in seat

  • Leaves seat in classroom, stands in back a lot

  • Talks excessively and/or loudly


  • Sudden actions, thoughts, or ideas

  • No consideration of impact on others

  • Unaware of outcomes related to actions

  • Interrupts others, difficulty waiting turn

  • Intrudes on others, difficulty delaying gratification

  • Engages in risk taking behavior

  • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed

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