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chrome clock EXAM REVIEW 5: Motivation and Emotion & Personality
Preparing For Exams


Items on this page have been designed to make you think critically about most (not all) of the psychology concepts that you will encounter on the test. Studying, understanding and responding to items on this review sheet will comprise the majority of your work for this class. Your work on the review sheet is critical to performing well on the exam.

You cannot just remember ideas to succeed on the exams. You must understand concepts. Many of the exam questions require you to apply your understanding of psychology. Use the world around you to recognize, extend and connect to psychological theories. There are a million ways to reach out, discuss and debate...face-to-face, with texting or via internet.

One Week Before The Exam...
The three things that you should be able to do with all of the concepts on this review sheet are: 1) Define them out loud, in your own words. 2) Articulate the general meaning and implications of them, out loud. 3) Create original, correct examples of them. In other words, you should be able to recognize, extend and connect.
LivePsych Always remember that in addition to my online lectures, the LivePsych website is available for multimedia tutorials on very specific psychology concepts found in your textbook.
clips for class Another great resource for supercharging your understanding of psychology can be found at the Clips For Class website. Here, you will find excellent videos about many of the topics covered in this class.
Chapter: Motivation & Emotion

  1. Think of an example in which you made a misattribution of arousal.
  2. What is the basal metabolic rate (BMR)? How is it related to weight?
  3. Understand the characteristics of and be able to distinguish between anorexia and bulemia nervosa.
  4. What hormones seem to play a role in regulating hunger? What part of the brain is most central to the experience of hunger and the regulation of it?
  5. What parts of the brain seem to have the most influence on emotions?
  6. What does Paul Ekman's research say about facial expressions? Are their really basic emotions? How are they different from secondary emotions?
  7. Which cultures have stricter rules for publicly displaying emotions?
  8. Discuss and distinguish between the major theories of emotional feeling and expression (i.e., common-sense, James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Schacter). Know the authors and their theories. Be prepared to apply them to examples.
  9. When are the slow and fast emotional pathways activated?
  10. Discuss the facial feedback hypothesis. Explain it to your BFF.
  11. What has the study of psychology taught us about positive emotions?
  12. What is positive psychology and where did it come from?
  13. How does the book define motivation. Do you agree or disagree with this definition? Why or why not?
  14. Distinguish between extrinsic and intrinsic rewards. Come up with your own example.
  15. Distinguish between drives and goals. Think about real-world examples of each.

Chapter: Personality

  1. How does your book define personality? Do you agree or disagree with this definition?
  2. What are personality traits? What have studies indicated about the genetic origins of personality traits?
  3. Distinguish between external and internal locus of control.
  4. Distinguish among the personality traits embodied in the Big 5 theory. Where do you fall on each of the Big 5 dimensions?
  5. Distinguish among the different types of assessments that can be administered to evaluate personality. What are their strengths and weaknesses?
  6. What is the therapeutic purpose of projective tests such as the Rorschach and Thematic Apperception Test? How have these tests been criticized?
  7. What is the MMPI and how would you use it?
  8. How is Freud's conception of the different parts of consciousness like an ice-berg? How do each of these parts fit in to his explanation of personality?
  9. Identify and explain the major components of Freud’s theories about the psyche—ego, superego, id.
  10. Understand how the pleasure and reality principles relate to the three components of the psyche.
  11. What might happen to one’s behavior when superego dominates? What about the Id dominating?
  12. According to Freud, the greatest internal conflict comes from what?
  13. What is a defense mechanism? Understand the differences between the defense mechanisms. Generate your own examples for each.
  14. Who were the neo-Freudians? How did their explanations of personality differ from those of Freud?
  15. What are the major ideas advanced by Carl Jung?
  16. How does humanism seek to explain personality?
  17. Understand Maslow’s hierarchy of motivation. How does motivation work, according to the hierarchy? What concerns would you be dealing with at the middle of Maslow’s hierarchy? How about at the lowest level of the hierarchy?
  18. What does it mean to be self-actualized.
  19. How did Rogers explain the different parts of our self-concept? How do these different parts figure in to our feelings in different situations?
  20. Explain the major concepts advanced by Carl Rogers. How are his ideas different from those of Freud, Jung and Adler?
  21. How are instincts different from the drives discussed in the last chapter?
  22. What do behavioral genetics and adopted-twins studies tell us about the effects of parents, siblings and friends on personality development?
  23. Distinguish among the major perspectives presented in this chapter. What are the major beliefs in each of these perspectives. How are they different/similar?

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LAST UPDATED: 2013-11-08 4:14 PM

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