The Consequentialist Theory
of Normative Ethics
which maintains that the good is equivalent
to whatever creates the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people.
There are two distinct branches of Utilitarianism:
- Act Utilitarianism - we should perform actions which adhere to the utilitarian principle, and
- Rule Utilitarianism - we should act on rules that adhere to the utilitarian principle.
See the Principle of Utility.