Statement

In Logic the term ‘statement’ is used to designate a sentence in any language which has a possible truth value assignment ( i.e., it is either true or false).

For example, the English sentence, “It is raining outside” is designated as a statement because it is either true or false (i.e., it has a possible truth value assignment).

However, not every grammatical sentence is a statement. The English imperative sentence, “Shut the door” is grammatically correct, but it has no truth value.