From the Ancient Greek ‘poly’ - many, and ‘theos’ - god, many gods

Polytheism is a tern used in Anthropology and Religious Studies to designate religious systems that recognize more than two deities (a religion with two defined deities would be religious Dualism, e.g., Manichaeism and Zoroastrianism).

Polytheism is distinguished from animism (which also maintains multiple transcendent “others”) by the personification (sometimes anthropomorphic, sometimes zoomorphic) of the deities.