English philosopher and physician. Founder of Modern Empiricism
and political Liberalism.
Author of several essential books that shaped Western philosophical discourse on Epistemology and Political Theory:
- An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
- Two Treatises of Government
- On Liberty
- On Toleration
Most important contributions to Western thought:
- We are born without innate ideas, hence all ideas,
and therefore the knowledge that is derived from them, must be derived
from (sensory) experience.
- All humans, as humans, have three fundamental rights:
- a right to their life,
- a right to their liberty,
- a right to private property.
- Government has no interest in the religious beliefs and practices of individuals as long as those beliefs and practices do not
impinge on the rights of others.
Read more about John Locke.