St. Irenaeus

(130-202 CE)

Christian theologian and philosopher who argued against Gnosticism.

Irenaeus held the story of the “Fall of Man” was allegorical of moral developmentalism as opposed to a literal transition from a finitely perfect creation to a metaphysically imperfect creation (the Augustinian position). Humans were made in the “image” of God, but had to achieve the “likeness” of God through the process of salvation facilitated by Jesus, the Christ.

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