Epikouros (Epicurus)

(341 - 270 BCE)

Hellenistic philosopher and founder of Epicureanism: a hedonistic moral philosophy.

Epikourous argued that the goal of human life was to attain happiness which he defined as ataraxia (peacefulness) and aponia (the absence of discomfort). He was an atomist and therefore did not believe in consciousness after death. Likewise he denied divine punishments and rewards.

Epikouros also taught that all belief should be justified through observation and logical reasoning.

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