The Cosmological Argument

Why is there something rather than nothing?

In the Philosophy of Religion the Cosmological Argument is one of the four traditional arguments for God's existence.

The Cosmological argument is best thought of as five distinct arguments, or ways of proving” the existence of God. Perhaps the most famous version of this argument comes from St. Thomas of Aquinas who calls it the "Five Ways" of knowing God's existence:

  1. The Argument from First Motion
  2. The Argument from Efficient Causation
  3. The Argument from Contingency
  4. The Argument from Excellence
  5. The Argument from Harmony

The Cosmological Argument is classified as an a posteriori argument for God's existence since it depends upon our having basic knowledge of the universe around us.