The Prehistoric World:

Historical Development and Background

  1. From The Pre-Historic to Ancient Periods of Human Existence: Development, Migration, Settlement

    1. The Stone Age -

      1. Paleolithic (c. 50, 000 - 9000 BCE) - advanced stone tools

      2. Mesolithic (c. 9000 - c. 8000 BCE) - bow, sling, cutting tools

      3. Neolithic (c. 8000 - c. 3000 BCE) - agriculture, emergence of the first city-states, copper smelting

    2. The Bronze Age -

      1. Early Bronze (c. 3000 - c. 2000 BCE) - Egyptian Pyramids, rise of Sumerian Culture, Ebla I, rise of Minoan Culture

      2. Middle Bronze (c. 2000 - c. 1500 BCE) - Palestine-Patriarchal Period, Ebla II, First Babylonian Empire-Hammurabi's Code

      3. Late Bronze (c. 1500 - c. 1200 BCE) - The rise of Mycenaean Culture, Trojan War, Hittite Empire of Asia Minor, Assyrian Empire of Mesopotamia

    3. The Iron Age -

      1. Early Iron (c. 1200 - c. 900 BCE) - decline of Minoan, Mycenaean, Egyptian and Hittite cultures, Phoenician migrations

      2. Middle Iron (c. 900 - c. 600 BCE) - Second Babylonian Empire, rise of Greek Culture-Homer

      3. Late Iron (c. 600 - c. 300 BCE) - Medo-Persian Empire, the apex of Greek Culture

  2. The Genesis of Civilization - The Great Change (The Neolithic Period c. 8000 BCE)

    1. Geography - The River Valley

      1. North Africa - The Nile River

      2. Mesopotamia - The Tygris and Euphrates Rivers

      3. East Asia - The Yellow River

      4. Indian Subcontinent - Indus River

    2. The Agricultural Revolution - Domestication/Settlement

      1. Animals -

        1. Oxen
        2. Pigs
        3. Sheep
        4. Horses

      2. Cereals -

        1. Barley
        2. Rye
        3. Wheat
        4. Sorghum
        5. Grapes
        6. Olives

    III. Byproducts of the Agricultural Revolution - Civilization

      A. The City

      B. Counting/Mathematics

      C. Writing

      D. Social Stratification