- a priori
- a posteriori
- Ontological Argument
- Teleological Argument
- Cosmological Argument
- Moral Argument
- Argument from Religious Experience
- Greatest Conceivable Being
- Supremely Perfect Being
- analogical argument
- summum bonum
- synthetic proposition
- analytic proposition
- existential claim
Names to Know:
- William Paley
- Immanuel Kant
- St. Anselm of Canterbury
- Rene Descartes
- St. Thomas of Aquinas
- David Hume
Things to be Familiar With:
- What are the five ways of knowing God's existence according to St. Thomas?
- How does Gaunilo object to the Ontological Argument?
- Why, according to St. Anselm, does Gaunilo's counter argument fail?
- Why, according to Immanuel Kant, does the Ontological Argument fail?
- Explain Aristotle's theory of causation.
- Which of Aristotle's four causes is employed in St. Thomas' version of the Cosmological Argument?
- What are some of the objections to the Cosmological Argument discussed in class?
- William Paley's version of the Teleological Argument rests on what central analogy?
- Explain what makes an analogical argument strong or weak.
- Explain Hume's objections to the Teleological Argument?
- What three postulates does Kant infer from the nature of morality?
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