Plato

Plato: The Father of Western Philosophy

From Socrates to Science

  1. Historical Background:

    1. Dates: c. 427-347 BCE

    2. Aristocratic Family:

      1. Parents:

        1. Ariston (descendent of Codrus - mythical king of Athens c. 1200BCE)

        2. Perictione (descendent of Solon - archon and lawgiver of Athens c. 640 BCE)

      2. Siblings:

        1. Glaucon (Older Brother)

        2. Adeimantus (Older Brother)

        3. Potone (Sister, mother of Speusippus)

      3. Other:

        1. Critias (2nd Cousin)

        2. Charmides (Uncle)

    3. The Peloponnesian War

    4. The Life and Death of Socrates

  2. Plato's Dialogues:

    1. Early - Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Laches, Lysis, Charmides, Ion, Protagoras, Gorgias, Hippias Major, Hippias Minor

    2. Transitional - Meno

    3. Middle - Phaedo, Symposium, Republic, Phaedrus, Euthydemus, Cratylus, Menexenus

    4. Late - Parmenides, Theaetetus, Sophist, Politicus, Timaeus, Critias, Philebus, The Laws

  3. The Problem of the Historical Socrates:

    1. The Sources -

      1. Aristophanes

      2. Plato

      3. Xenophon

      4. Aristotle

    2. The Problem -

      1. Areas of Agreement -

        1. Socrates lived and died in Athens

        2. Socrates was unconventional

        3. Socrates was a dissident

      2. Areas of Disagreement -

        1. Socrates was a Sophist

        2. Socrates caused his own death

        3. Socrates benefited Athenian society


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