Exam II Consequentialism
- Commutative Justice
- Distributive Justice
- The Hedonic Calculus
- Psychological Egoism
- Individual Ethical Egoism
- Universal Ethical Egoism
- The Hedonistic Paradox
- The Pleasure Machine
- Teleological Ethics
- Utilitarianism (Act and Rule)
- "state of nature"
Names to Know:
- Thomas Hobbes
- John Stuart Mill
- Jeremy Bentham
- Charles I
- Oliver Cromwell
Things to Know: short answer, listing, and essay
- The Ethics Chart (the Normative Ethics part)
- According to Hobbes, what's the difference between Natural Rights and Natural Law?
- According to Hobbes, why is it necessary to form a state?
- Explain the difference between Ethical Egoism and Psychological Egoism.
- What, according to Pojman, are some of the standard objections to Ethical Egoism?
- What are the two types of Utilitarianism?
- What is the Utility Principle?
- What are Bentham's seven criteria of the hedonic calculus?
- According to Bentham humans are subject to what two sensations?
- According to Bentham what is the primary consideration when considering how we 'ought' to act toward any living thing?
- How is Mill's Utilitarianism different from Bentham's?
- How does the film "The Last Supper" demonstrate weaknesses of Consequentialist theories of Normative Ethics?
- Be prepared to discuss the relative strengths and weaknesses of the three Consequentialist theories of Normative Ethics.
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