Introduction to Consequentialism
All Consequentialist theories of ethics share this common feature, they all
maintain that the rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by the
consequences which follow from the act. If good consequences follow, then the
action is determined to be 'good'. If bad consequences follow, then the action
is determined to be 'bad'. The work for the Consequentialist is to spell out
what counts as 'good' and 'bad'. This gives rise the distinct versions of
- Egoism -
The Egoistic Principle: Whatever brings me happiness is good.
- Hedonism -
The Hedonistic Principle: Whatever brings me pleasure is good.
- Utilitarianism -
The Utilitarian Principle: Whatever brings about the most Happiness/Pleasure is good.
PHI 105 Page | Notes Index