Language and Fallacies
- Cognitive Language
- Emotive Language
- Concrete Language
- Stipulative Definition
- Lexical Definition
- Precising Definition
- Theoretical Definition
- Persuasive Definition
- Oakham’s Razor
- non sequitur
- Fallacies of Relvance:
- Appeal to Force (Ad Baculum)
- Appeal to Pity (Ad Misericordiam)
- Appeal to People (Ad Populum)
- Against the Person (Ad Hominem)
- Straw Man
- Missing the Point (Ignoratio Elenchi)
- Red Herring
- Fallacies of Weak Induction:
- Appeal to Unqualified Authority (Ad Verecundiam)
- Appeal to Ignorance (Ad Ignorantiam)
- Hasty Generalization
- False Cause
- Slippery Slope
- Weak Analogy
- Fallacies of Presumption:
- Begging the Question (Petitio Principii)
- Complex Question
- False Dichotomy
- Suppressed Evidence
- Fallacies of Ambiguity:
- Fallacies of Grammatical Analogy:
Names to Know:
- Peter Abelard
- William of Ockham
Things to Know:
- Do you know how to identify a ‘term’?
- Do you know how to differentiate between the intension and extension of a term?
- Do you know how to differentiate between the definiens and definiendum of a definition?
- What are the five types of definitions disscused in class?
- What is the difference between a formal and an informal fallacy?
- What are the five general types of informal fallacies?
- Are you prepared to identify examples of informal fallacies?
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