Fallacies Of Presumption

    1. Begging the Question (Petitio Principii) - assuming what is to be concluded  

    2. Complex Question - using a complex premise to draw a single conclusion  

    3. False Dichotomy (Absolute Disjunction) - forcing a choice where it is not necessary  

    4. Equivocation - contrary definitions of single term in an argument  

    5. Amphiboly - drawing a definite conclusion from an ambiguous premise(s)  

    6. Composition - what is true of the parts, may not be true of the whole  

    7. Division - what is true of the whole, may not be true of the parts

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