METAPHYSICS PART I


Philosophy of Religion - Applying Philosophy to Our Thoughts About God

  1. Four Basic Problems in the Philosophy of Religion

    1. What IS God?

    2. Does God Exist?

    3. If God exists, how do we account for the existence of evil?

    4. What is the Nature of Faith

  2. What is God? Some Different Definitions:

    1. Theism - The 3-O God: an

      1. Omnipotent - All Powerful
      2. Omniscient - All Knowing
      3. Omnibenevolent - All Loving
      4. Person

    2. Deism - The Enlightenment God

      1. Omnipotent - All Powerful
      2. Omniscient - All Knowing
      3. Perfect Creator - Master Craftsman

    3. Pantheism - All is God (Universe = God)

    4. Panentheism - All is in God (God > Universe)


    Note: Other Important Terms -

  3. Traditional Arguments For God's Existence:

    1. Ontological Argument - The idea 'God' proves God's existence. (A Priori)

    2. Cosmological Argument - Why is there Something rather than Nothing? (A Posteriori)

    3. Teleological Argument - Why is there order instead of Chaos? (A Posteriori)

    4. Argument from Religious Experience - (A Posteriori)

      1. Consensus Gentium

      2. Mysticism


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