Metaphysics: The Study of Reality


Introduction to Metaphysics: An Overview -

  1. History of the Term:

    1. "Meta - phusis" ('after', or 'about' - 'nature') Aristotle

    2. Uses of the term 'metaphysics':

      1. Occult - ESP, Transcendental Meditation, Channeling, etc.

      2. Philosophy - The First Principles of Philosophy (the study of ultimate reality: what is, what could be, what could not be)

  2. An Overview of Philosophical Metaphysics:

    1. Ontology - The Study of Being (is-ness)

      1. Monism: only one kind of stuff

        1. Materialism - everything is made of matter
        2. Idealism - everything is made of mind:

      2. Dualism: two kinds of stuff

      3. Pluralism: many kinds of stuff

    2. The Nature of Abstract Entities:

      1. Universals:

        1. Realism
        2. Nominalism

      2. Identity/Change

      3. Space/Time

      4. Causality:

        1. Determinism
        2. Indeterminism

    3. Philosophy of Mind:

      1. Dualism

      2. Reductivism

    4. Philosophy of Religion - What is God?


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