Paul Churchland:
Problems with Dualism

  1. Arguments For Dualism:

    1. Argument from Religion (life after death)

    2. Argument from Introspection

    3. Argument from Irreducibility

    4. Argument from Parapsychology

  2. Arguments Against Dualism:

    1. The Argument from Simplicity (Ockham's Razor)


    DEFINITION: Ockham's Razor (William of Ockham 1280-1349) - when considering two alternative explanations, if all else is equal, the simpler of the two explanations is probably correct.

    1. The Explanatory Impotence of Dualism

    2. The Argument From Neural Dependence

    3. The Argument From Evolution


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