Disciplinary Pathways
to Service-Learning


Gail Robinson, Coordinator
Service-Learning Clearinghouse

American Association of Community Colleges
Washington, DC

Print Resources

Ayers, George E., and David B. Ray, eds. Service-Learning: Listening to Different
. Fairfax, Va.: United Negro College Fund, 1996.


Relates perspectives of educators from historically black colleges and universities regarding integrating service into academic curricula.

Barber, Benjamin R., and Richard M. Battistoni. Education for Democracy. Dubuque,
Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1993.


Presents an anthology of readings on citizenship and social responsibility in a democracy, meant to provoke individual and group thought, discussion, and reflection.

Berry, Howard A., and Linda A. Chisholm. How to Serve and Learn Abroad Effectively:
Students Tell Students
. New York: Partnership for Service-Learning, 1992.

Advises students and recent graduates on service experiences abroad; contains application, preparation, and on-site suggestions.

Berson, Judith S. A Marriage Made in Heaven: Community Colleges and Service
Learning. Community College Journal, 64 (6), 1994: 14-19.
202/728-0200, ext. 254.

Describes growth and relevance of service-learning in community colleges; discusses how to start service-learning programs.

Bucco, Diana, ed. Building Sustainable Programs: A Guide to Developing and
Maintaining Service-Learning at Community Colleges
. Mesa, Ariz.: Campus
Compact Center for Community Colleges, 1995.

602/461-7392. Reveals lessons learned from institutions offering service-learning; discusses strategies for developing and maintaining programs; includes examples, models, and best practices.

Cha, Stephen, and Michael Rothman. Service Matters: A Sourcebook for Community
Service in Higher Education.
Denver: Education Commission of the States, 1993.

Compiles trends and statistics; national service initiatives; community service contacts; funding information; national organizations; more than 500 models and examples.

Coles, Robert. The Call of Service: A Witness to Idealism. New York: Houghton Mifflin
Co., 1993.


Explores idealism in individuals and society, and community service as a means of realization. Includes stories of individual involvement, achievement, and satisfaction, as well as cynicism, anger, and despair.

Community Colleges and Service Learning. Washington, D.C.: American Association of
Community Colleges, 1995.

202/728-0200, ext. 254.

Describes in detail steps community colleges can take to implement service-learning.

Delve, Cecilia, Suzanne D. Mintz, and Greig M. Stewart. Community Service as Values
New Directions for Student Services, no. 50. San Francisco: Jossey-
Bass, 1990.


Addresses how service-learning programs can foster studentsı moral development and sense of civic responsibility.

Federal Work-Study and Community Service: A Campus Compact Guide. Denver:
Education Commission of the States, 1994.


Reviews federal work-study legislation and its requirement of designated funds for community service work-study jobs; recommends strategies for implementation.

Galura, Joseph, Jeffrey Howard, Dave Waterhouse, and Randy Ross, eds. Praxis III:
Voices in Dialogue.
Ann Arbor: OSCL Press, 1995. 313/763-3548.

Describes service-learning courses and activities in detail; current thought and theory; reflection by course alumni.

Galura, Joseph, Rachel Meiland, Randy Ross, Mary Jo Callan, and Rick Smith, eds.
Praxis II: Service-Learning Resources for University Students, Staff and Faculty.
Ann Arbor: OSCL Press, 1993.


Discusses establishing a service-learning course and a faculty committee; advocating for and promoting service-learning on a university campus; pilot activities; curricular and co-curricular projects.

Giles, Dwight E., Jr., and Janet Eyler. The Impact of a College Community Service
Laboratory on Studentsı Personal, Social, and Cognitive Outcomes. Journal of
17 ,1994, 327-339.

011-44-181-300-3322 (London).

Details central issues in outcomes research.

Goldsmith, Suzanne. Journal Reflection: A Resource Guide for Community Service
Leaders and Educators Engaged in Service Learning.
Washington, D.C.: American
Alliance for Rights & Responsibilities, 1995.


Relates the history and value of journals for service reflection; details various types, formats, methods, and examples of journal reflection techniques.

A Grantmaker's Guide to National and Community Service. Washington, D.C.: Council
on Foundations, 1994.


Provides information on national, state, and local foundations that award grants for national and community service efforts; includes program descriptions.

Henry, Roger. A Service Learning Center: A Practitioner s Workbook. Cocoa, Fla.:
Brevard Community College/Florida Campus Compact, 1995.

407/632-1111, ext. 62410.

Contains practical tips and suggestions for developing a service-learning program.

Howard, Jeffrey, ed. Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning. Ann Arbor:
OSCL Press, 1994, 1995.


Includes articles on research, pedagogy, theory, and related issues.

------. Praxis I: A Faculty Casebook on Community Service-Learning. Ann Arbor: OSCL
Press, 1993.


Considers undergraduate and graduate course models of service-learning in a variety of disciplines; includes course structure, syllabi, outcomes, and assessment.

Jackson, Katherine, ed. Redesigning Curricula: Models of Service Learning Syllabi.
Providence: Campus Compact, 1994.


Includes adaptable model syllabi from several disciplines at different types of institutions.

Jacoby, Barbara, and Associates. Service-Learning in Higher Education: Concepts and
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996.


Outlines foundations and principles of viable service-learning programs;includes guidelines for program design and administration, types of service experiences, curricular integration, and institutionalization.

Kendall, Jane, ed. Combining Service and Learning: A Resource Book for Community and Public Service. 3 vols. Raleigh, N.C.: National Society for Experiential Education,


Includes practical issues and ideas for programs and courses; curricular integration; recruitment; evaluation and assessment; legal issues; principles of good practice; theories; rationales; research.

Kniseley, MacGregor. Knowing Youıve Made a Difference: Strengthening Campus-Based
Mentoring Programs through Evaluation and Research.
Denver: Education
Commission of the States, 1990.


Describes how to conduct an effective evaluation of a campus-based mentoring program in order to strengthen and refine it.

Kretzmann, John P., and John L. McKnight. Building Communities from the Inside Out:
A Path Toward Finding and Mobilizing a Communityıs Assets.
Chicago: ACTA
Publications, 1993.


Summarizes successful, practical, and useful examples of community-building initiatives. Describes connecting community needs and assets through local citizens associations, community groups, government, business, philanthropy, cultural organizations, and educational and religious institutions.

Kupiec, Tamar Y., ed. Rethinking Tradition: Integrating Service with Academic Study on
College Campuses.
Denver: Education Commission of the States, 1993.

Examines strategies and rationale for service-learning programs; service-learning as effective pedagogy; institutional development; program design; sample course syllabi.

LappŽ, Frances Moore, and Paul Martin Du Bois. The Quickening of America: Rebuilding
our Nation, Remaking our Lives.
San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1994.


Chronicles individuals who are successfully tackling societyıs problems and challenges; addresses the skills needed to effect change and solve problems; includes reflective tasks and questions for the reader.

Mapping the Geography of Service on a College Campus: Strategic Questions about the
Institution, Stakeholders, Philosophies and Community Relationships.
Campus Compact, 1994.


Provides a brief framework for assessing the state of campus service initiatives.

Markus, G.B., Howard, J.P.F., and King, D.C. Integrating Community Service and Classroom Instruction Enhances Learning: Results from an Experiment. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15, 1993, 410-419.


Describes results of research on student outcomes, including effects for both course learning outcomes and attitudinal/cognitive/values measures.

Parsons, Michael H., and C. David Lisman, eds. Promoting Community Renewal
Through Civic Literacy and Service Learning.
New Directions for Community
Colleges, no. 93. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996.


Portrays a critical role of community colleges in the twenty-first century as enhancing civic literacy through community-based programming and service-learning.

Raybuck, Jodi, ed. Expanding Boundaries: Serving and Learning. Washington, D.C.:
Corporation for National Service, 1996.


Examines service-learning efforts at Learn and Serve America: Higher Education grantee institutions; discusses lessons learned and tools used in several projects.

Robinson, Gail, and Lynn Barnett. Service Learning and Community Colleges: Where We
Washington, D.C.: American Association of Community Colleges, 1996.
202/728-0200, ext. 254.

Summarizes and analyzes service-learning data and trends on community college campuses.

Seidman, Anna, and Charles Tremper. Legal Issues for Service-Learning Programs: A
Community Service Brief.
Washington, D.C.: Nonprofit Risk Management
Center, 1994.


Provides general guidance on legal liability, negligence, insurance, and risk management; suggests strategies to prevent legal problems; offers suggestions for adhering to pertinent laws and regulations.

Sigmon, Robert. Linking Service with Learning. Washington, D.C.: Council of
Independent Colleges, 1994.

Relates service-learning background, typology, relationship identification, and suggestions for linking service with learning.

Silcox, Harry C. A How to Guide to Reflection: Adding Cognitive Learning to
Community Service Programs.
Philadelphia: Brighton Press, 1993.


Details the need for reflection in service-learning; learning environments; reflective teaching methods; the reflection process; research on reflection activities.

Troppe, Marie, ed. Connecting Cognition and Action: Evaluation of Student Performance
in Service Learning Courses.
Providence: ECS/Campus Compact, 1995.


Describes the importance and potential difficulty of evaluation in service-learning courses; offers evaluation methods and a model of the development of reflective judgment to assist faculty in assessing studentsı cognitive gains.

Vineyard, Sue. Evaluating Volunteers, Programs, and Events. Downers Grove, Ill.:
Heritage Arts Publishing, 1994.


Relates methods of and reasons for evaluating volunteer activities; addresses reflection as the evaluative component of service-learning.

Walsh, Jim. Community and Volunteer Service: A Resource Guide for Community
Providence: Campus Compact, 1991.


Provides information and resources for community colleges establishing service programs.

Westacott, Beverly M., and Carol R. Hegeman, eds. Service Learning in Elder Care: A
Resource Manual.
Albany, N.Y.: Foundation for Long Term Care, 1996.


Describes elder care project as a model for service-learning programs; includes case studies, curricular design, journal reflection, project evaluation, and mentoring information.

Willette, Zac, Michael Magevney, and Laura Mann. Curriculum-Based Alternative Breaks.
Nashville: Break Away:
The Alternative Break Connection, 1994.


Recommends ideas and sources for alternative college breaks combined with academic courses; focuses on why and how to do service; includes profiles of participating colleges.

Organizational Resources

American Association of Community Colleges Service-Learning Clearinghouse
One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 410
Washington, DC 20036-1176
Phone 202/728-0200 ext. 254
Fax 202/833-2467
E-mail grobinson@aacc.nche.edu

Campus Compact National Center for Community Colleges
1833 West Southern Avenue
Mesa, AZ 85202
Phone 602/461-7392
Fax 602/461-7816
E-mail conss@mc.maricopa.edu

Campus Outreach Opportunity League
1511 K Street, NW, Suite 307
Washington, DC 20005
Phone 202/637-7004
Fax 202/637-7021
E-mail cool2you1@aol.com

Corporation for National and Community Service
1201 New York Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20525
Phone 202/606-5000

Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education
U.S. Department of Education
ROB-3, Room 3100
7th and D Streets, SW
Washington, DC 20202-5175
Phone 202/708-5750

The Invisible College
Portland State University
635 SW Harrison
Portland, OR 97207
Phone 503/725-3705
Fax 503/725-5850
E-mail alanz@sba.pdx.edu

National and Community Service Coalition
409 3rd Street, NW, Suite 200
Washington, DC 20024
Phone 202/488-SERV
Fax 202/488-1004
E-mail ncsc@cais.com

Nonprofit Risk Management Center
1001 Connecticut Avenue, NW, #900
Washington, DC 20036
Phone 202/785-3891

National Service-Learning Cooperative (K-12) Clearinghouse
University of Minnesota
1954 Buford Avenue, Room R290
St. Paul, MN 55108
Phone 800/808-7378
E-mail serve@maroon.tc.umn.edu

National Society for Experiential Education
3509 Haworth Drive, Suite 207
Raleigh, NC 27609
Phone 919/787-3263
Fax 919/787-3381
E-mail nsee@mercury.interpath.com

The Partnership for Service-Learning
815 Second Avenue, Suite 315
New York, NY 10017-4594
Phone 212/986-0989
Fax 212/986-5039

Points of Light Foundation
1737 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
Phone 202/223-9186

Electronic Resources --->
<--- Tribal Colleges: Responding to Cultural Needs
Table of Contents